Thursday, 10 March 2011

E how What Ultra " Internet Basics An introductory guide to Internet fundamentals "

Webmail (web based email) advantages
What are the advantages of webmail or web based email? Answer to a beginners' question with a brief on how to get started with email.
What are Cookies?
Definition of web browser cookies and a brief on how they are created and handled by the program with a note on security issues concerning cookies.
What is a web page?
What is a web page and how is it made? A brief description and instructions for creating your own web page and putting it online.
Email - advantages and disadvantages
What are the advantages of email over conventional mail - postal mail? And what are the disadvantages? Is email really what people say it is?
What is browser cache?
What is the browser cache? Definition and a brief on the web site files saved in the cache by web browsers. Also included is a note on how to control the browser cache size.
Web site and email account
Beginners question: Do I need a web site for an email account? Simple answers in plain English without the technical jargon.
What is browser history? Definition and brief
Details on web browser history - list of files that you've visited using the program. Also learn how to manage this list and delete the browser history in a few mouse clicks.
Get Yahoo email address
How to get a Yahoo email address in a few minutes by creating a Yahoo! ID on the free web service. Detailed instructions included with screenshots.
Make Yahoo email address
How to make your Yahoo email address. Detailed step by step instructions with screenshots that help beginners in making a Yahoo email account.
How to send email
Learn how to send email from your computer in a few minutes. Also tips on sending photographs and files with your email message.
Create a second email address
Create a second email address: You can create multiple email address without any problems on one or different services.
SMTP error
Troubleshooting the SMTP error you get when sending email from an email client such as Outlook Express, Windows Mail, Apple mail, Windows Live Mail, Thunderbird, Outlook etc.
Get an email address - How to
How to get a free email address using online services and create your first ever email account.
Get a Gmail email address for free
Step by step instructions on how to get a Gmail email address for free; screenshots and settings included.
How to create a free Gmail account
So you want to create a free Gmail account? Here are step by step instructions with screenshots to help beginners get their first email address.
Download Windows email
Download email to Windows computers using email programs or clients from online accounts such as Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo! Mail or the one supplied by your ISP.
URLs - What is an URL?
A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the Internet or WWW address. This is a beginners article that explains the full format of the URL.
What is ISP?
What is an ISP and how do I choose one? What are the different types of internet connections available?
File Transfer Protocol - FTP
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) basics including anonymous FTP and how you can use it via command promot, terminal window, a browser window or a dedicated ftp client/program.
Types of web sites
Listing of various types of web sites found in the world. Segregation has been based on content and features offered on the site.
An article on email detailing the basics of email, how it works and email clients or programs that are used to send and receive email.
What is POP?
The definition of POP, Post Office Protocol, also known as POP3. What is its function and how is it used with email accounts?
The Client Server architecture
Article on client server architecture and how the two interact with each other to display web pages; static web pages developed in HTML or dynamic web pages developed with CGI or server-side languages.
As a beginner you would also be interested in knowing more about the The World Wide Web, how data transfer takes place on the Internet using the various Internet Protocols. I will also provide a brief of HTML, the language used to develop web pages and web sites. [A detailed tutorial on HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is also available on this web site along with the more advanced HTML tutorial]. Technically speaking, HTML is not a language per se... it is rather a set of tags by which a web page can be structured. HTML, thus, is a series of instructions on how a web page should be structured and how its contents should be laid out. With the advent of Cascading Style Sheets, the grip of HTML on web page layout has decreased but old habits die hard and most web sites still use HTML in some form to layout a web page.
As the Internet grew, so did the needs of developers. Web pages created using HTML are static, which means that they do not change unless the programmer modifies the page and puts the new version on the server. The need to have web pages that respond to visitor actions (such as mouse movements, mouse clicks, key presses etc.) and contain dynamic content paved the way for the development of various languages on the internet. The Internet languages are of two types; client-side languages, those that run on a browser (a client) and server-side languages, those than run on the server. The former is used to develop pages that respond to user actions such as mouse movements, mouse clicks, key-presses etc. while the latter is employed for integrating web sites with databases, displaying content based on user's choices, sending emails and several other applications.
The article on Client Server architecture, explains how a client interacts with a server and thus, how simple and complex web pages are delivered to a browser on your desktop from a machine that might be miles and miles away. Complex web pages are those that have bits of programming code (developed using the Internet Languages) either embedded or integrated with the HTML.
It is, therefore, necessary for you to get a firm grip on Internet basics such as protocols, email, data transfer process, client-server architecture and URLs. This helps in building an understanding of the basic Internet structure and processes.
* Note: Articles on HTTP protocol, the list of client methods and status codes may not be regarded as Internet basics and are for the more experienced. Skip these if you are a beginner. What are these doing in the Internet Basics section? Well, I did not know where else to place them :-)

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